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PERIODICAL FASTING AND CALORIC RESTRICTION FOR LIFE EXTENSION, DISEASE TREATMENT AND CREATIVITY.
(clinical and experimental data)
 
 3.4 MECHANISM: HOW DOES CALORIE RESTRICTION RETARD AGING ANDF BOOST HEALTH? 
   
   
  ACTIVATION OF MONO-OXYGENASE SYSTEMS  
   
 
Effect of caloric restricted diet on the liver microsomal monooxygenase system in rats of various ages.
Dose-dependent induction of the microsomal monooxygenase system by phenobarbital and 3-methylcholanthrene in the ad libitum and calorie-restricted female rat.
Induction of cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases in hamster tissues by fasting.
 
   
   
Ukr Biokhim Zh. 2003 Jul-Aug;75(4):108-14.
[Effect of caloric restricted diet on the liver microsomal monooxygenase system in rats of various ages]. [Article in Russian].
Padalko VI.
Research Institute of Biology, Karazin Kharkov National University, Ukraine.

Dietary restriction is the only known experimental method to extend lifespan in mammals, but the mechanisms of this phenomenon are still unknown. It is determined that the keeping of animals on the calorie restricted diet results in essential changes of a drug-metabolizing enzymes contents, that is also confirmed by the change of response of the enzyme system to thyroxine action. As a whole, the results obtained will be coordinated with the point of view, according to which the action mechanisms of the dietary restriction consist in considerable change of a wide spectrum of biochemical processes, including the change of the level of monooxygenase system functioning.

   
   
Xenobiotica. 1995 Jan;25(1):17-26.
Dose-dependent induction of the microsomal monooxygenase system by phenobarbital and 3-methylcholanthrene in the ad libitum and calorie-restricted female rat.
Alterman MA, Carvan MJ, Busbee DL.
Department of Anatomy and Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station 77843, USA.

1. We characterized the dose-dependent induction of the microsomal monooxygenase system by phenobarbital (PB) and 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) in the female Fischer 344 rat, which was either calorie restricted (CR) or fed ad libitum (AL). 2. Maximal induction of the major inducible isozymes (2B1/2B2 or 1A1) in rat was achieved at the lowest of the inducer doses employed (10 mg/kg body weight) in both feeding groups. 3. The patterns of dose-dependent PB induction and its magnitude differed between total P450 induction and induction of catalytic activities in AL and CR groups, whereas no differences between CR and AL rat were found in either spectrally detected P450 or EROD activity patterns of dose-dependent MC induction. 4. Calorie restriction increased the inducibility of some hepatic drug-metabolizing enzyme activities. 5. Monoclonal antibody-directed inhibition of MC-induced ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation (EROD) was 55-60% at all induction levels in AL rat and 65-70% in CR rat, while MAb inhibition of PB-induced pentoxyresorufin O-depenthylation (PROD) averaged about 55% in AL and 60% in CR rat.

   
   
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 1993 Mar;119(1):66-73
Induction of cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases in hamster tissues by fasting.
Ueng TH; Ueng YF; Chen TL; Park SS; Iwasaki M; Guengerich FP.
Institute of Toxicology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Republic of China.

ABSTRACT: The effects of fasting on liver, kidney, and lung monooxygenases were studied using hamsters starved for 4 days. Fasting treatment increased microsomal cytochrome P450 content and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase activity in kidney and lung. The treatment caused significant increases of aniline hydroxylation, N-nitrosodimethylamine demethylation, and 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylation activities in the liver, kidney, and lung. Fasting caused a threefold increase of benzphetamine N-demethylation activity in lung and a 25% increase in liver and had no effect in kidney. Benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylation activities in the fasted hamster liver, kidney, and lung were higher, lower, and similar to the controls, respectively. Gel electrophoresis of tissue microsomes from control and fasted hamsters revealed that fasting enhanced the intensity of protein band(s) in the P450 molecular weight region. Immunoblotting of the microsomal proteins showed that fasting induced a protein crossreactive with rabbit antibody raised against human P450 2E1 in hamster liver, kidney, and lung. Immunoblotting analysis using mouse monoclonal antibody 2-66-3 raised against rat P450 2B1 revealed that fasting induced an immunorelated protein preferentially in hamster lung, with minimal effects on liver and kidney. Protein blots probed with mouse monoclonal antibody 1-12-3 indicated that fasting induced a protein related to P450 1A1 in hamster liver, kidney, and lung. These results demonstrate that fasting causes a variety of inductive effects on the enzyme components and catalytic activities of monooxygenase systems as well as on the P450s 2E, 2B, and 1A in the hamster tissues.

   
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FASTING / LOW CALORIE PROGRAMS
on the Adriatic Coast
The Anti-Aging Fasting Program consists of a 7-28 days program (including 3 - 14 fasting days). 7-28-day low-calorie diet program is also available .
More information
    The anti-aging story (summary)
Introduction. Statistical review. Your personal aging curve
  Aging and Anti-aging. Why do we age?
    2.1  Aging forces (forces that cause aging
     
Internal (free radicals, glycosylation, chelation etc.) 
External (Unhealthy diet, lifestyle, wrong habits, environmental pollution, stress, poverty-change "poverty zones", or take it easy. etc.) 
    2.2 Anti-aging forces
     
Internal (apoptosis, boosting your immune system, DNA repair, longevity genes) 
External (wellness, changing your environment; achieving comfortable social atmosphere in your life, regular intake of anti-aging drugs, use of replacement organs, high-tech medicine, exercise)
    2.3 Aging versus anti-aging: how to tip the balance in your favour!
 
    3.1 Caloric restriction and fasting extend lifespan and decrease all-cause mortality (Evidence)
      Human studies
Monkey studies
Mouse and rat studies
Other animal studies
    3.2 Fasting and caloric restriction prevent and cure diseases (Evidence)
        Obesity
Diabetes
Hypertension and Stroke
Skin disorders
Mental disorders
Neurogical disorders
Asthmatic bronchitis, Bronchial asthma
Bones (osteoporosis) and fasting
Arteriosclerosis and Heart Disease
Cancer and caloric restriction
Cancer and fasting - a matter of controversy
Eye diseases
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Sleeping disorders
Allergies
Rheumatoid arthritis
Gastrointestinal diseases
Infertility
Presbyacusis
    3.3 Fasting and caloric restriction produce various
      biological effects. Effects on:
        Energy metabolism
Lipids metabolism
Protein metabolism and protein quality
Neuroendocrine and hormonal system
Immune system
Physiological functions
Reproductive function
Radio-sensitivity
Apoptosis
Cognitive and behavioral functions
Biomarkers of aging
    3.4 Mechanisms: how does calorie restriction retard aging and boost health?
        Diminishing of aging forces
  Lowering of the rate of gene damage
  Reduction of free-radical production
  Reduction of metabolic rate (i.e. rate of aging)
  Lowering of body temperature
  Lowering of protein glycation
Increase of anti-aging forces
  Enhancement of gene reparation
  Enhancement of free radical neutralisation
  Enhancement of protein turnover (protein regeneration)
  Enhancement of immune response
  Activation of mono-oxygenase systems
  Enhance elimination of damaged cells
  Optimisation of neuroendocrine functions
    3.5 Practical implementation: your anti-aging dieting
        Fasting period.
Re-feeding period.
Safety of fasting and low-calorie dieting. Precautions.
      3.6 What can help you make the transition to the low-calorie life style?
        Social, psychological and religious support - crucial factors for a successful transition.
Drugs to ease the transition to caloric restriction and to overcome food cravings (use of adaptogenic herbs)
Food composition
Finding the right physician
    3.7Fasting centers and fasting programs.
  Food to eat. Dishes and menus.
    What to eat on non-fasting days. Dishes and menus. Healthy nutrition. Relation between foodstuffs and diseases. Functional foods. Glycemic index. Diet plan: practical summary. "Dr. Atkins", "Hollywood" and other fad diets versus medical science
     

Vegetables
Fruits
Bread, cereals, pasta, fiber
Glycemic index
Fish
Meat and poultry
Sugar and sweet
Legumes
Fats and oils
Dairy and eggs
Mushrooms
Nuts and seeds
Alcohol
Coffee
Water
Food composition

  Anti-aging drugs and supplements
    5.1 Drugs that are highly recommended
      (for inclusion in your supplementation anti-aging program)
        Vitamin E
Vitamin C
Co-enzyme Q10
Lipoic acid
Folic acid
Selenium
Flavonoids, carotenes
DHEA
Vitamin B
Carnitin
SAM
Vinpocetine (Cavinton)
Deprenyl (Eldepryl)
    5.2 Drugs with controversial or unproven anti-aging effect, or awaiting other evaluation (side-effects)
        Phyto-medicines, Herbs
HGH
Gerovital
Melatonin
      5.3 Drugs for treatment and prevention of specific diseases of aging. High-tech modern pharmacology.
        Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Arthritis
Cancer
Depression
Diabetes
Hyperlipidemia
Hypertension
Immune decline
Infections, bacterial
Infections, fungal
Memory loss
Menopause
Muscle weakness
Osteoporosis
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Sexual disorders
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    5.4 The place of anti-aging drugs in the whole
      program - a realistic evaluation
 
    6.1 Early diagnosis of disease - key factor to successful treatment.
      Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Arthritis
Cancer
Depression
Diabetes
Cataracts and Glaucoma
Genetic disorders
Heart attacks
Hyperlipidemia
Hypertension
Immune decline
Infectious diseases
Memory loss
Muscle weakness
Osteoporosis
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    6.2 Biomarkers of aging and specific diseases
    6.3 Stem cell therapy and therapeutic cloning
    6.4 Gene manipulation
    6.5 Prosthetic body-parts, artificial organs
        Blood
Bones, limbs, joints etc.
Brain
Heart & heart devices
Kidney
Liver
Lung
Pancreas
Spleen
    6.6 Obesity reduction by ultrasonic treatment
  Physical activity and aging. Experimental and clinical data.
        Aerobic exercises
Stretching
Weight-lifting - body-building
Professional sport: negative aspects
 
  Conclusion: the whole anti-aging program
    9.1 Modifying your personal aging curve
      Average life span increment. Expert evaluation.
     
Periodic fasting and caloric restriction can add 40 - 50 years to your lifespan
Regular intake of anti-aging drugs can add 20-30 years to your lifespan
Good nutrition (well balanced, healthy food, individually tailord diet) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
High-tech bio-medicine service can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Quality of life (prosperity, relaxation, regular vocations) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Regular exercise and moderate physical activity can add 10-20 years to your lifespan
These approaches taken together can add 60-80 years to your lifespan, if you start young (say at age 20). But even if you only start later (say at 45-50), you can still gain 30-40 years


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    9.2 The whole anti-aging life style - brief summary 
    References eXTReMe Tracker
        The whole anti-aging program: overview
         
       

       
     
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