Research articles on Antirheumatic Agents:
Combination therapy of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs(DMARDs) in rheumatoid arthritis.
Use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in patients with psoriatic arthritis.
Longterm maintenance therapy with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs.
  Celebrex (generic name: Celecoxib)  

Celebrex relieves the pain and inflammation of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It is the first of a new class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) called "COX-2 inhibitors." Like older NSAIDs such as Motrin and Naprosyn, Celebrex is believed to fight pain and inflammation by inhibiting the effect of a natural enzyme called COX-2. Unlike the older medications, however, it does not interfere with a similar substance, called COX-1, which exerts a protective effect on the lining of the stomach. Celebrex is therefore less likely to cause the bleeding and ulcers that sometimes accompany sustained use of the older NSAIDs. Celebrex has also been found to reduce the number of colorectal polyps (growths in the wall of the lower intestine and rectum) in people who suffer from the condition called familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), an inherited tendency to develop large numbers of colorectal polyps that eventually become cancerous.

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about Celebrex here

  METOPROLOL (brand names: Lopressor, Toprol XL)  

Metoprolol is used to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina (chest pain) and heart attacks. It works by relaxing your blood vessels so your heart doesn't have to pump as hard. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. Metoprolol also is used to treat abnormal heart rhythms

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about METOPROLOL here


Nippon Rinsho. 2002 Dec;60(12):2351-6
Combination therapy of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs(DMARDs) in rheumatoid arthritis.
Kobayashi S, Kanai Y.
Department of Rheumatology, Juntendo University, School of Medicine.

The early suppression of disease activity during the first 2 years in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been reported to be exclusively important to prevent joint destruction and functional decline. Since single disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs(DMARDs) therapy is still disappointing, many rheumatologists today advocated a more aggressive approach using combinations of classic DMARDs. Many clinical trials on combination therapy have been reported and most studies of combination therapy focused on the efficacy of a treatment strategy. Therefore, the possible synergistic action of combination of drugs has not been demonstrated. Among combination of therapy of classical DMARDs, only few trials demonstrated the efficacy of combination therapy. The incidence of adverse effects among 341 RA patients was investigated by our department. The incidence of adverse effect in combination therapy revealed 36.4% which was not statistically different from that in monotherapy(33.6%, p = 0.41). The recent studies on combination therapy on classical DMARDs are not encouraging, however, the combination therapy for patients with early RA, drugs utilizing immunosuppressant, biologics and other newly developed drugs will still have a chance to expect a potent efficacy for RA.


Joint Bone Spine. 2002 May;69(3):275-81
Use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in patients with psoriatic arthritis.
Marguerie L, Flipo RM, Grardel B, Beaurain D, Duquesnoy B, Delcambre B.
Service de Rhumatologie, Institut Calot, Berck sur mer, France.

Few prospective placebo-controlled studies have evaluated disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in the treatment of peripheral psoriatic arthritis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate second-line treatments used in clinical practice in patients with psoriatic arthritis. METHOD: We studied a cross-section of 100 consecutive patients seen by hospital-based or office-based rheumatologists for psoriatic arthritis. PATIENTS: The 55 men and 45 women had a mean age of 48 years (range, 17-79 years) and a mean disease duration of 7 years (range, 1-24 years). RESULTS: The most commonly used DMARDs were sulfasalazine, gold, methotrexate, and hydroxychloroquine (64, 43, 41 et 17 patients, respectively). These drugs had been stopped because of inefficacy in 31%, 31%, 12%, and 53% of patients, respectively, and because of adverse events in 23%, 44%, 22%, and 41% of patients, respectively. At the time of the study, mean treatment durations were 15, 21, 34, and 12 months, respectively, and the drugs were still being used in 45%, 21%, 66%, and 6% of patients. CONCLUSION: Our data confirm the value of methotrexate and salazopyrine. Methotrexate had the best risk/benefit ratio. Gold was often responsible for side effects. Hydroxychloroquine was inadequately effective and poorly tolerated.



J Rheumatol Suppl. 2002 Nov;66:38-43
Longterm maintenance therapy with disease modifying antirheumatic drugs.
Capell H.
Centre for Rheumatic Disease, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland.

Longterm safety and efficacy of disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) have been challenging to assess. There are few studies that have evaluated patient outcome beyond 5 years. As patients may receive several DMARD over the course of their disease a long with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, and other drugs for comorbidities, it is difficult to design and implement a trial to define a specific drug's longterm effect. Based on the findings of several key studies, however, it does appear that DMARD are safe when taken longterm, and that they are more likely to be discontinued because of inefficacy than toxicity. Although DMARD are often discontinued because of lack of efficacy, 12 year data suggest that DMARD can provide benefit over this period. The toxicity profiles vary significantly between DMARD. In addition, the time during therapy when the majority of these adverse effects most frequently appear is DMARD-specific. Prospective studies are needed to further clarify longterm safety and efficacy of the newer DMARD.


on the Adriatic Coast
The Anti-Aging Fasting Program consists of a 7-28 days program (including 3 - 14 fasting days). 7-28-day low-calorie diet program is also available .
More information
    The anti-aging story (summary)
Introduction. Statistical review. Your personal aging curve
  Aging and Anti-aging. Why do we age?
    2.1  Aging forces (forces that cause aging
Internal (free radicals, glycosylation, chelation etc.) 
External (Unhealthy diet, lifestyle, wrong habits, environmental pollution, stress, poverty-change "poverty zones", or take it easy. etc.) 
    2.2 Anti-aging forces
Internal (apoptosis, boosting your immune system, DNA repair, longevity genes) 
External (wellness, changing your environment; achieving comfortable social atmosphere in your life, regular intake of anti-aging drugs, use of replacement organs, high-tech medicine, exercise)
    2.3 Aging versus anti-aging: how to tip the balance in your favour!
    3.1 Caloric restriction and fasting extend lifespan and decrease all-cause mortality (Evidence)
      Human studies
Monkey studies
Mouse and rat studies
Other animal studies
    3.2 Fasting and caloric restriction prevent and cure diseases (Evidence)
Hypertension and Stroke
Skin disorders
Mental disorders
Neurogical disorders
Asthmatic bronchitis, Bronchial asthma
Bones (osteoporosis) and fasting
Arteriosclerosis and Heart Disease
Cancer and caloric restriction
Cancer and fasting - a matter of controversy
Eye diseases
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Sleeping disorders
Rheumatoid arthritis
Gastrointestinal diseases
    3.3 Fasting and caloric restriction produce various
      biological effects. Effects on:
        Energy metabolism
Lipids metabolism
Protein metabolism and protein quality
Neuroendocrine and hormonal system
Immune system
Physiological functions
Reproductive function
Cognitive and behavioral functions
Biomarkers of aging
    3.4 Mechanisms: how does calorie restriction retard aging and boost health?
        Diminishing of aging forces
  Lowering of the rate of gene damage
  Reduction of free-radical production
  Reduction of metabolic rate (i.e. rate of aging)
  Lowering of body temperature
  Lowering of protein glycation
Increase of anti-aging forces
  Enhancement of gene reparation
  Enhancement of free radical neutralisation
  Enhancement of protein turnover (protein regeneration)
  Enhancement of immune response
  Activation of mono-oxygenase systems
  Enhance elimination of damaged cells
  Optimisation of neuroendocrine functions
    3.5 Practical implementation: your anti-aging dieting
        Fasting period.
Re-feeding period.
Safety of fasting and low-calorie dieting. Precautions.
      3.6 What can help you make the transition to the low-calorie life style?
        Social, psychological and religious support - crucial factors for a successful transition.
Drugs to ease the transition to caloric restriction and to overcome food cravings (use of adaptogenic herbs)
Food composition
Finding the right physician
    3.7Fasting centers and fasting programs.
  Food to eat. Dishes and menus.
    What to eat on non-fasting days. Dishes and menus. Healthy nutrition. Relation between foodstuffs and diseases. Functional foods. Glycemic index. Diet plan: practical summary. "Dr. Atkins", "Hollywood" and other fad diets versus medical science

Bread, cereals, pasta, fiber
Glycemic index
Meat and poultry
Sugar and sweet
Fats and oils
Dairy and eggs
Nuts and seeds
Food composition

  Anti-aging drugs and supplements
    5.1 Drugs that are highly recommended
      (for inclusion in your supplementation anti-aging program)
        Vitamin E
Vitamin C
Co-enzyme Q10
Lipoic acid
Folic acid
Flavonoids, carotenes
Vitamin B
Vinpocetine (Cavinton)
Deprenyl (Eldepryl)
    5.2 Drugs with controversial or unproven anti-aging effect, or awaiting other evaluation (side-effects)
        Phyto-medicines, Herbs
      5.3 Drugs for treatment and prevention of specific diseases of aging. High-tech modern pharmacology.
        Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Immune decline
Infections, bacterial
Infections, fungal
Memory loss
Muscle weakness
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Sexual disorders
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    5.4 The place of anti-aging drugs in the whole
      program - a realistic evaluation
    6.1 Early diagnosis of disease - key factor to successful treatment.
      Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Cataracts and Glaucoma
Genetic disorders
Heart attacks
Immune decline
Infectious diseases
Memory loss
Muscle weakness
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    6.2 Biomarkers of aging and specific diseases
    6.3 Stem cell therapy and therapeutic cloning
    6.4 Gene manipulation
    6.5 Prosthetic body-parts, artificial organs
Bones, limbs, joints etc.
Heart & heart devices
    6.6 Obesity reduction by ultrasonic treatment
  Physical activity and aging. Experimental and clinical data.
        Aerobic exercises
Weight-lifting - body-building
Professional sport: negative aspects
  Conclusion: the whole anti-aging program
    9.1 Modifying your personal aging curve
      Average life span increment. Expert evaluation.
Periodic fasting and caloric restriction can add 40 - 50 years to your lifespan
Regular intake of anti-aging drugs can add 20-30 years to your lifespan
Good nutrition (well balanced, healthy food, individually tailord diet) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
High-tech bio-medicine service can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Quality of life (prosperity, relaxation, regular vocations) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Regular exercise and moderate physical activity can add 10-20 years to your lifespan
These approaches taken together can add 60-80 years to your lifespan, if you start young (say at age 20). But even if you only start later (say at 45-50), you can still gain 30-40 years

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    9.2 The whole anti-aging life style - brief summary 
    References eXTReMe Tracker
        The whole anti-aging program: overview

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