Research articles on Antidiabetic Agents:
Beneficial effects resulting from thiazolidinediones for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Lipid-lowering therapy in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus.
Drug compliance in type 2 diabetes: role of drug treatment regimens and consequences on their benefits.
  METFORMIN (glucophage) (brand name: Metrivin)  

Metrivin decreases endogenous glucose production by the liver. New studies demonstrates that the mechanism of action of metformin in liver involves insuline receptor activation, followed by selective insuline receptor substrate-2 activation, and increased glucose uptake via increased GLUT-1 translocation.
Metrivin increase the number of muscle and adipocyte insulin receptors and the attraction for the receptor. It does not increase insulin secretion, it only increases insulin sensitivity. Therefore, metformin is not associated with causing hypoglycemia. This activity reduces insulin levels by increasing the sensitivity of peripheral tissues to the effects of insulin by rejuvenating the response, and restoring glucose and insulin to younger physiological levels that may cause weight loss n inherited tendency to develop large numbers of colorectal polyps that eventually become cancerous.

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about METFORMIN here

  PRECOSE (generic name: Acarbose)  

Precose is an oral medication used to treat type 2 (noninsulin-dependent) diabetes when high blood sugar levels cannot be controlled by diet alone. Precose works by slowing the body's digestion of carbohydrates so that blood sugar levels won't surge upward after a meal. Precose may be taken alone or in combination with certain other diabetes medications such as Diabinese, Micronase, Glucophage, and Insulin

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about ZOLOFT here


Postgrad Med. 2003 May;Spec No:35-44
Beneficial effects resulting from thiazolidinediones for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Bell DS.
University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Birmingham, USA.

Because new drugs continue to be developed, physicians treating patients with type 2 diabetes have a wide range of agents from which to choose. The newest class, the thiazolidinediones (TZDs), should be a mainstay of treatment for most patients with type 2 diabetes, because these agents reduce insulin resistance as well as improve glycemic control. Patients with the insulin resistance syndrome are at increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease. However, decreasing insulin resistance with TZD use may reduce the incidence of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. TZDs also may reduce cardiovascular events by acting directly on vascular smooth muscle cells and by helping patients maintain normal hemoglobin levels, without the risk of hypoglycemia. Furthermore, prolonged glycemic control is expected with TZDs because of their effects on beta-cell rejuvenation, a function unique to this class. TZDs can be used safely in renally impaired patients with diabetes, and hepatotoxicity has not been a problem with second-generation TZDs, making these agents both safe and effective in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.


Orv Hetil. 2003 Mar 23;144(12):557-61
Lipid-lowering therapy in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus.
Pados G, Audikovszky M.
Fovarosi Szent Imre Korhaz, IV. Belgyogyaszat, Onallo Lipid Reszleg.

Diabetic dyslipidemia is mainly characterised by hypertriglyceridaemia, low HDL-cholesterol level, an increased small dense HDL concentration, i.e. by atherogenic dyslipidemia. Dyslipidaemia occurs in some two third of the type 2 diabetes cases. In the treatment of dyslipidaemia it is essential to control the diabetes, to reduce the intake of saturated fat and supplement it with monounsatured fat ty acid or complex carbohydrates. Based on the latest studies diabetes is considered the same risk as coronary heart disease and, therefore, diabetic dyslipidaemia should be treated in the same aggressive way. According to the simplified guidelines, after the diet--above 5.2 mmol/l cholesterol level--antilipaemic drugs, i.e. statin should be administered in order to achieve the primary goal of the therapy, namely the 2.6 mmol/l LDL-cholesterol level. In patients with combined II/b type hyperlipoproteinaemia statins are the drugs of first choice, fibric acid derivates being only considered in case of normal LDL-cholesterol level (< 3.4 mmol/l), if the HDL-cholesterol level is also low. Fibrate therapy is the first choice in the isolated hypertriglyceridaemia (> 2.3 mmol/l) as well as in type V. hyperlipoproteinaemia. On the basis of the guidelines far more patients with diabetes should be treated with lipid lowering therapy than before.



Diabetes Metab. 2003 Apr;29(2 Pt 3):31-7
Drug compliance in type 2 diabetes: role of drug treatment regimens and consequences on their benefits.
Penfornis A.
Service de Diabetologie, Hopital Jean-Minjoz, 25030 Besancon Cedex.

Compliance is an old issue but crucial in the management of chronic diseases. This is the case in type 2 diabetes mellitus which requires several drugs, either to treat diabetes or to prevent cardiovascular complications. In this review, we discuss the relationships between drug treatment regimens and treatment compliance in type 2 diabetes and other chronic diseases. The greater the number of daily drug intakes, the worst the compliance, even if a single daily intake may cause an increased risk of overdosing. Although the number of tablets or treatments is less frequently linked to compliance level than the number of daily intake, polytherapy is generally associated with a poor compliance. The consequences of a poor compliance on the prognosis or the management of these diseases are analysed based on cardiovascular studies. Even if nearly no studies exist in type 2 diabetes, to improve treatment compliance represents a major challenge in these patients. Such improvement requires to preferentially use once-a-day intake, but this is still difficult with several oral anti-diabetics. Fixed combinations such as the glibenclamide plus metformin combination, cause a decrease in the number of daily tablets and this permit a better compliance. Such approaches, to be fully beneficial, should be part of a global management of these type 2 diabetic patients, taking into account all their difficulties to follow their treatments, and based on a strong physician and patient relationship.


on the Adriatic Coast
The Anti-Aging Fasting Program consists of a 7-28 days program (including 3 - 14 fasting days). 7-28-day low-calorie diet program is also available .
More information
    The anti-aging story (summary)
Introduction. Statistical review. Your personal aging curve
  Aging and Anti-aging. Why do we age?
    2.1  Aging forces (forces that cause aging
Internal (free radicals, glycosylation, chelation etc.) 
External (Unhealthy diet, lifestyle, wrong habits, environmental pollution, stress, poverty-change "poverty zones", or take it easy. etc.) 
    2.2 Anti-aging forces
Internal (apoptosis, boosting your immune system, DNA repair, longevity genes) 
External (wellness, changing your environment; achieving comfortable social atmosphere in your life, regular intake of anti-aging drugs, use of replacement organs, high-tech medicine, exercise)
    2.3 Aging versus anti-aging: how to tip the balance in your favour!
    3.1 Caloric restriction and fasting extend lifespan and decrease all-cause mortality (Evidence)
      Human studies
Monkey studies
Mouse and rat studies
Other animal studies
    3.2 Fasting and caloric restriction prevent and cure diseases (Evidence)
Hypertension and Stroke
Skin disorders
Mental disorders
Neurogical disorders
Asthmatic bronchitis, Bronchial asthma
Bones (osteoporosis) and fasting
Arteriosclerosis and Heart Disease
Cancer and caloric restriction
Cancer and fasting - a matter of controversy
Eye diseases
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Sleeping disorders
Rheumatoid arthritis
Gastrointestinal diseases
    3.3 Fasting and caloric restriction produce various
      biological effects. Effects on:
        Energy metabolism
Lipids metabolism
Protein metabolism and protein quality
Neuroendocrine and hormonal system
Immune system
Physiological functions
Reproductive function
Cognitive and behavioral functions
Biomarkers of aging
    3.4 Mechanisms: how does calorie restriction retard aging and boost health?
        Diminishing of aging forces
  Lowering of the rate of gene damage
  Reduction of free-radical production
  Reduction of metabolic rate (i.e. rate of aging)
  Lowering of body temperature
  Lowering of protein glycation
Increase of anti-aging forces
  Enhancement of gene reparation
  Enhancement of free radical neutralisation
  Enhancement of protein turnover (protein regeneration)
  Enhancement of immune response
  Activation of mono-oxygenase systems
  Enhance elimination of damaged cells
  Optimisation of neuroendocrine functions
    3.5 Practical implementation: your anti-aging dieting
        Fasting period.
Re-feeding period.
Safety of fasting and low-calorie dieting. Precautions.
      3.6 What can help you make the transition to the low-calorie life style?
        Social, psychological and religious support - crucial factors for a successful transition.
Drugs to ease the transition to caloric restriction and to overcome food cravings (use of adaptogenic herbs)
Food composition
Finding the right physician
    3.7Fasting centers and fasting programs.
  Food to eat. Dishes and menus.
    What to eat on non-fasting days. Dishes and menus. Healthy nutrition. Relation between foodstuffs and diseases. Functional foods. Glycemic index. Diet plan: practical summary. "Dr. Atkins", "Hollywood" and other fad diets versus medical science

Bread, cereals, pasta, fiber
Glycemic index
Meat and poultry
Sugar and sweet
Fats and oils
Dairy and eggs
Nuts and seeds
Food composition

  Anti-aging drugs and supplements
    5.1 Drugs that are highly recommended
      (for inclusion in your supplementation anti-aging program)
        Vitamin E
Vitamin C
Co-enzyme Q10
Lipoic acid
Folic acid
Flavonoids, carotenes
Vitamin B
Vinpocetine (Cavinton)
Deprenyl (Eldepryl)
    5.2 Drugs with controversial or unproven anti-aging effect, or awaiting other evaluation (side-effects)
        Phyto-medicines, Herbs
      5.3 Drugs for treatment and prevention of specific diseases of aging. High-tech modern pharmacology.
        Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Immune decline
Infections, bacterial
Infections, fungal
Memory loss
Muscle weakness
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Sexual disorders
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    5.4 The place of anti-aging drugs in the whole
      program - a realistic evaluation
    6.1 Early diagnosis of disease - key factor to successful treatment.
      Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Cataracts and Glaucoma
Genetic disorders
Heart attacks
Immune decline
Infectious diseases
Memory loss
Muscle weakness
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    6.2 Biomarkers of aging and specific diseases
    6.3 Stem cell therapy and therapeutic cloning
    6.4 Gene manipulation
    6.5 Prosthetic body-parts, artificial organs
Bones, limbs, joints etc.
Heart & heart devices
    6.6 Obesity reduction by ultrasonic treatment
  Physical activity and aging. Experimental and clinical data.
        Aerobic exercises
Weight-lifting - body-building
Professional sport: negative aspects
  Conclusion: the whole anti-aging program
    9.1 Modifying your personal aging curve
      Average life span increment. Expert evaluation.
Periodic fasting and caloric restriction can add 40 - 50 years to your lifespan
Regular intake of anti-aging drugs can add 20-30 years to your lifespan
Good nutrition (well balanced, healthy food, individually tailord diet) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
High-tech bio-medicine service can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Quality of life (prosperity, relaxation, regular vocations) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Regular exercise and moderate physical activity can add 10-20 years to your lifespan
These approaches taken together can add 60-80 years to your lifespan, if you start young (say at age 20). But even if you only start later (say at 45-50), you can still gain 30-40 years

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    9.2 The whole anti-aging life style - brief summary 
    References eXTReMe Tracker
        The whole anti-aging program: overview

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