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ANTI-AGING DRUGS AND SUPPLEMENTS

 
 5.3 DRUGS FOR TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF SPECIFIC DISEASES OF AGING 
   
 
  OSTEOPOROSIS  
   
  Research articles on bone resorption inhibitor:
Regulation of bone remodeling and emerging breakthrough drugs for osteoporosis and osteolytic bone metastases.
Statins: new drugs for treating osteoporosis?
 
   
  Fosamax (generic name: Alendronate)  
   


Fosamax is prescribed for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, the brittle bone disease, in postmenopausal women. It is also used to increase bone mass in men with osteoporosis, and is prescribed for both men and women who have developed a form of osteoporosis sometimes caused by steroid medications such as prednisone. This drug can also be used to relieve Paget's disease of bone, a painful condition that weakens and deforms the bones.

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about Fosamax here

   
   


Kidney Int Suppl. 2003 Jun;(85):2-5
Regulation of bone remodeling and emerging breakthrough drugs for osteoporosis and osteolytic bone metastases.
Boyce BF, Xing L, Shakespeare W, Wang Y, Dalgarno D, Iuliucci J, Sawyer T.
University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; and Ariad Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Regulation of bone remodeling and emerging breakthrough drugs for osteoporosis and osteolytic bone metastases. Major advances have been made in the past 10 years in our understanding of the molecular basis of bone cell formation and bone remodeling. For example, the discovery of osteoprotegerin, the decoy receptor and inhibitor of receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), and the RANKL/receptor activator of NF-kappaB (RANK) signaling pathway that is essential for osteoclastogenesis, has helped clarify the mechanisms regulating osteoclast formation, activation, and survival. PTH, like most other osteoclast stimulating factors, promotes RANKL production by osteoblast/stromal cells when they are exposed to it continuously, but when given intermittently it stimulates bone formation and reduces fracture risk in postmenopausal women. This anabolic effect is associated with increased expression of insulin-like and fibroblast growth factors and decreased osteoblast apoptosis. Src tyrosine kinase is essential for osteoclast activation and also negatively regulates osteoblast activity. Thus, it is a well-validated therapeutic target for the prevention of postmenopausal and other forms of bone loss. Preliminary in vitro and in vivo studies of specifically designed, bone targeted, non-peptide Src inhibitors have shown that these compounds inhibit bone resorption and stimulate new bone formation. The design of drugs using structure/function approaches such as this should lead to the development of novel therapeutics that could be used to counteract the negative effects of chronic renal failure on the skeleton.

   
   

Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2001 Mar;10(3):409-15
Statins: new drugs for treating osteoporosis?
Whitfield JF.

Statins are widely used lipid-lowering drugs that reduce cholesterol synthesis by inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-glutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase activity. They also strongly stimulate bone formation in rodents. If the drugs' potent bone-building activity results directly from inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase, there should be less bone fracturing in humans who have taken statins to lower their serum cholesterol and prevent heart attacks, but the data gleaned from several databases are contradictory. According to some reports the lipid-lowering doses of oral statins increased bone mineral density and more than halved the risk of fracturing various bones, while according to others, including the very large Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), the drugs did not significantly affect the fracturing risk. Such contradictory data could be due in part to one of the commonly used statins, pravastatin which only targets hepatocytes, or due to bone growth being stimulated by something other than inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. Therefore, different doses of statins may be needed to build bone or optimally lower serum cholesterol. To be able to answer the question posed by the title of this editorial, it will be necessary to carry out a controlled trial using designer statins that are less liver-oriented and thus better for assessing the optimal doses needed, specifically for osteogenicity rather than for their cholesterol-lowering ability.

 

 
   
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FASTING / LOW CALORIE PROGRAMS
on the Adriatic Coast
The Anti-Aging Fasting Program consists of a 7-28 days program (including 3 - 14 fasting days). 7-28-day low-calorie diet program is also available .
More information
    The anti-aging story (summary)
Introduction. Statistical review. Your personal aging curve
  Aging and Anti-aging. Why do we age?
    2.1  Aging forces (forces that cause aging
     
Internal (free radicals, glycosylation, chelation etc.) 
External (Unhealthy diet, lifestyle, wrong habits, environmental pollution, stress, poverty-change "poverty zones", or take it easy. etc.) 
    2.2 Anti-aging forces
     
Internal (apoptosis, boosting your immune system, DNA repair, longevity genes) 
External (wellness, changing your environment; achieving comfortable social atmosphere in your life, regular intake of anti-aging drugs, use of replacement organs, high-tech medicine, exercise)
    2.3 Aging versus anti-aging: how to tip the balance in your favour!
 
    3.1 Caloric restriction and fasting extend lifespan and decrease all-cause mortality (Evidence)
      Human studies
Monkey studies
Mouse and rat studies
Other animal studies
    3.2 Fasting and caloric restriction prevent and cure diseases (Evidence)
        Obesity
Diabetes
Hypertension and Stroke
Skin disorders
Mental disorders
Neurogical disorders
Asthmatic bronchitis, Bronchial asthma
Bones (osteoporosis) and fasting
Arteriosclerosis and Heart Disease
Cancer and caloric restriction
Cancer and fasting - a matter of controversy
Eye diseases
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Sleeping disorders
Allergies
Rheumatoid arthritis
Gastrointestinal diseases
Infertility
Presbyacusis
    3.3 Fasting and caloric restriction produce various
      biological effects. Effects on:
        Energy metabolism
Lipids metabolism
Protein metabolism and protein quality
Neuroendocrine and hormonal system
Immune system
Physiological functions
Reproductive function
Radio-sensitivity
Apoptosis
Cognitive and behavioral functions
Biomarkers of aging
    3.4 Mechanisms: how does calorie restriction retard aging and boost health?
        Diminishing of aging forces
  Lowering of the rate of gene damage
  Reduction of free-radical production
  Reduction of metabolic rate (i.e. rate of aging)
  Lowering of body temperature
  Lowering of protein glycation
Increase of anti-aging forces
  Enhancement of gene reparation
  Enhancement of free radical neutralisation
  Enhancement of protein turnover (protein regeneration)
  Enhancement of immune response
  Activation of mono-oxygenase systems
  Enhance elimination of damaged cells
  Optimisation of neuroendocrine functions
    3.5 Practical implementation: your anti-aging dieting
        Fasting period.
Re-feeding period.
Safety of fasting and low-calorie dieting. Precautions.
      3.6 What can help you make the transition to the low-calorie life style?
        Social, psychological and religious support - crucial factors for a successful transition.
Drugs to ease the transition to caloric restriction and to overcome food cravings (use of adaptogenic herbs)
Food composition
Finding the right physician
    3.7Fasting centers and fasting programs.
  Food to eat. Dishes and menus.
    What to eat on non-fasting days. Dishes and menus. Healthy nutrition. Relation between foodstuffs and diseases. Functional foods. Glycemic index. Diet plan: practical summary. "Dr. Atkins", "Hollywood" and other fad diets versus medical science
     

Vegetables
Fruits
Bread, cereals, pasta, fiber
Glycemic index
Fish
Meat and poultry
Sugar and sweet
Legumes
Fats and oils
Dairy and eggs
Mushrooms
Nuts and seeds
Alcohol
Coffee
Water
Food composition

  Anti-aging drugs and supplements
    5.1 Drugs that are highly recommended
      (for inclusion in your supplementation anti-aging program)
        Vitamin E
Vitamin C
Co-enzyme Q10
Lipoic acid
Folic acid
Selenium
Flavonoids, carotenes
DHEA
Vitamin B
Carnitin
SAM
Vinpocetine (Cavinton)
Deprenyl (Eldepryl)
    5.2 Drugs with controversial or unproven anti-aging effect, or awaiting other evaluation (side-effects)
        Phyto-medicines, Herbs
HGH
Gerovital
Melatonin
      5.3 Drugs for treatment and prevention of specific diseases of aging. High-tech modern pharmacology.
        Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Arthritis
Cancer
Depression
Diabetes
Hyperlipidemia
Hypertension
Immune decline
Infections, bacterial
Infections, fungal
Memory loss
Menopause
Muscle weakness
Osteoporosis
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Sexual disorders
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    5.4 The place of anti-aging drugs in the whole
      program - a realistic evaluation
 
    6.1 Early diagnosis of disease - key factor to successful treatment.
      Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Arthritis
Cancer
Depression
Diabetes
Cataracts and Glaucoma
Genetic disorders
Heart attacks
Hyperlipidemia
Hypertension
Immune decline
Infectious diseases
Memory loss
Muscle weakness
Osteoporosis
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    6.2 Biomarkers of aging and specific diseases
    6.3 Stem cell therapy and therapeutic cloning
    6.4 Gene manipulation
    6.5 Prosthetic body-parts, artificial organs
        Blood
Bones, limbs, joints etc.
Brain
Heart & heart devices
Kidney
Liver
Lung
Pancreas
Spleen
    6.6 Obesity reduction by ultrasonic treatment
  Physical activity and aging. Experimental and clinical data.
        Aerobic exercises
Stretching
Weight-lifting - body-building
Professional sport: negative aspects
 
  Conclusion: the whole anti-aging program
    9.1 Modifying your personal aging curve
      Average life span increment. Expert evaluation.
     
Periodic fasting and caloric restriction can add 40 - 50 years to your lifespan
Regular intake of anti-aging drugs can add 20-30 years to your lifespan
Good nutrition (well balanced, healthy food, individually tailord diet) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
High-tech bio-medicine service can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Quality of life (prosperity, relaxation, regular vocations) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Regular exercise and moderate physical activity can add 10-20 years to your lifespan
These approaches taken together can add 60-80 years to your lifespan, if you start young (say at age 20). But even if you only start later (say at 45-50), you can still gain 30-40 years


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    9.2 The whole anti-aging life style - brief summary 
    References eXTReMe Tracker
        The whole anti-aging program: overview
         
       

       
     
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