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ANTI-AGING DRUGS AND SUPPLEMENTS

 
 5.3 DRUGS FOR TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF SPECIFIC DISEASES OF AGING 
   
 
  WEIGHT GAINING  
   
  Research articles on Weight gaining agents:
Pharmacotherapy for obesity: a quantitative analysis of four decades of published randomized clinical trials.
The evolution of use of anti-Parkinson drugs in Spain.
Working hypothesis for the effect of GABAergic, glycinergic or glutamatergic drugs in the treatment of Parkinson disease.
Motor function in the normal aging population: treatment with levodopa.
Pramipexole vs levodopa as initial treatment for Parkinson disease: A randomized controlled trial. Parkinson Study Group.
 
  RHODIOLA ROSEA (dry roots)  
   


Preparation of tea: cut fine 5g of Rhodiola Rosea roots. 1 cup of boiling water pour in roots and leave for (brew) at least 4 hours. Than filter. Daily dosage: 1/5 cup - 3-5 times per day. For better taste dilute Rhodiola Rosea tea with juice, tonic or other herbal tea.

Preparation of tincture for personal usage: Mill 30 g of Rhodiola Rose roots in a coffee-grinder no less than 5-10 mm, add 150 ml of light spirits (30-40%), agitate and steep 3-5 days at room temperature. Separate and filter the extract. Dosage: ? tsp. x 3 times per day.

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about RHODIOLA ROSEA here

 
  RHODIOLA ROSEA (dry extract tablets, total rosavins 40%)  
   


Preparation of tea: cut fine 5g of Rhodiola Rosea roots. 1 cup of boiling water pour in roots and leave for (brew) at least 4 hours. Than filter. Daily dosage: 1/5 cup - 3-5 times per day. For better taste dilute Rhodiola Rosea tea with juice, tonic or other herbal tea.

Preparation of tincture for personal usage: Mill 30 g of Rhodiola Rose roots in a coffee-grinder no less than 5-10 mm, add 150 ml of light spirits (30-40%), agitate and steep 3-5 days at room temperature. Separate and filter the extract. Dosage: ? tsp. x 3 times per day.

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about RHODIOLA ROSEA here

 
  XENICAL (generic name: Orlistat)  
   


Xenical blocks absorption of dietary fat into the bloodstream, thereby reducing the number of calories you get from a meal. At the usual dosage level, it cuts fat absorption by almost one-third. Combined with a low-calorie diet, it is used to promote weight loss and discourage the return of unwanted pounds.

The drug is prescribed for the frankly obese and for merely overweight people who have other health problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol levels. Your weight status is determined by your body mass index (BMI), a comparison of height to weight.

You can find an extensive list of recent scientific research abstracts about XENICAL here

   
   


Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002 Feb;26(2):262-73
Pharmacotherapy for obesity: a quantitative analysis of four decades of published randomized clinical trials.
Haddock CK, Poston WS, Dill PL, Foreyt JP, Ericsson M.
University of Missouri-Kansas City and Mid America Heart Institute, St Luke's Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri 64110, USA.

AIM: This article provides the first comprehensive meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials of medications for obesity. METHOD: Based on stringent inclusionary criteria, a total of 108 studies were included in the final database. Outcomes are presented for comparisons of single and combination drugs to placebo and for comparisons of medications to one another. RESULT: Overall, the medications studied produced medium effect sizes. Four drugs produced large effect sizes (ie d>0.80; amphetamine, benzphetamine, fenfluramine and sibutramine). The placebo-subtracted weight losses for single drugs vs placebo included in the meta-analysis never exceeded 4.0 kg. No drug, or class of drugs, demonstrated clear superiority as an obesity medication. Effects of methodological factors are also presented along with suggestions for future research.

   
   


Rev Neurol. 2002 Apr 1-15;34(7):612-7
The evolution of use of anti-Parkinson drugs in Spain.
Montane E, Vallano Ferraz A, Castel JM.
Servicio de Farmacologia Clinica, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Espana.

INTRODUCTION. In recent years new anti Parkinson drugs have been marketed and there has been controversy over the safety of some drugs. OBJECTIVE. To analyze the evolution of the consumption of anti Parkinson drugs and the effect of the newer drugs. PATIENTS AND METHODS. A study of the consumption of anti Parkinson drugs (1989 1998). Data were obtained from the ECOM database of the Ministry of Health and TEMPUS of the National Statistics Institute. The drugs were classified using the Anatomo Therapeutic Clinical Classification (ATC). Consumption was expressed in defined daily dosage (DDD) and the costs in euros. The drugs marketed since 1990 were classified as new drugs and the others as classical drugs. RESULTS. The total consumption of drugs increased from 1.92 DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day in 1989 to 3.64 DDD/1,000 inhabitants/day in 1998. The drugs showing the greatest increase were selegiline, pergolide and levodopa. The total pharmaceutical expenses tripled. There was a smaller increase in the consumption of new drugs (1.2% of the total in 1991 and 6.6% in 1998) than in their costs (6.7% of the total in 1991 and 38.8% in 1998). The cost per DDD of the new drugs increased five times (1989: 2.55 euros and 1998: 13.59 euros) and that of the classical drugs was similar (1989: 0.54 euros and 1998: 0.62 euros). CONCLUSIONS. The total consumption of anti Parkinson drugs has progressively increased. The consumption of selegiline has also increased in spite of controversy over its safety. The new drugs have a major economic effect.

   
   


Ann Pharm Fr. 1990;48(2):70-80
Working hypothesis for the effect of GABAergic, glycinergic or glutamatergic drugs in the treatment of Parkinson disease.
Vamvakides A.
Laboratoire Chropi, Paris.

The data obtained during the past decade in experimental and clinical pharmacology show that the GABAergic drugs, with central activity, do not ameliorate the symptoms of the Parkinson's disease (PD), but would worsen the akineto-rigid syndrome, the dyskinesias and the deteriorating mental status in the later stages of the PD. On the other hand, recent data of experimental pharmacology suggest the possibility that glycinergic or glutamatergic derivatives, with central activity, would have a beneficial effect on the syndromes of the later stages of PD (declining efficacy of L-DOPA, dyskinesias, deteriorating mental status), which constitute, with the fluctuation of the response to L-DOPA, ("on-off" effects), the major problems of the PD's treatment. Some theoretical and experimental data also suggest the possibility of a beneficial effect of the glutamatergic drugs in the treatment of the "on-off" effects.

   
   


Neurology 1985 Apr;35(4):571-3
Motor function in the normal aging population: treatment with levodopa.
Newman RP, LeWitt PA, Jaffe M, Calne DB, Larsen TA.

In normal elderly humans there is progressive motor dysfunction and loss of nigrostriatal neurons and brain dopamine similar to, although of a milder degree than, that seen in Parkinson's disease. Ten healthy elderly volunteers were given Carbidopa/levodopa or placebo in a double-blind crossover study. We measured movement velocity, reaction time, tremor, visual evoked response (VER), and electroretinography (ERG). Significant changes were seen only in ERG. Motor functions and VER were unchanged. Although there appeared to be pharmacologic activity (ie, changes in ERG), levodopa, in adequate antiparkinson dosage, had no impact on the mild extrapyramidal impairment of normal elderly subjects.

   
   


JAMA 2000 Oct 18;284(15):1931-8
Pramipexole vs levodopa as initial treatment for Parkinson disease: A randomized controlled trial. Parkinson Study Group.
Parkinson Study Group.

CONTEXT: Pramipexole and levodopa both ameliorate the motor symptoms of early Parkinson disease (PD), but no controlled studies have compared long-term outcomes after initiating dopaminergic therapy with pramipexole vs levodopa. OBJECTIVE: To compare the development of dopaminergic motor complications after initial treatment of early PD with pramipexole vs levodopa. DESIGN: Multicenter, parallel-group, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Academic movement disorders clinics at 22 sites in the United States and Canada. PATIENTS: Three hundred one patients with early PD who required dopaminergic therapy to treat emerging disability, enrolled between October 1996 and August 1997. INTERVENTIONS: Subjects were randomly assigned to receive pramipexole, 0.5 mg 3 times per day, with levodopa placebo (n = 151); or Carbidopa/levodopa, 25/100 mg 3 times per day, with pramipexole placebo (n = 150). For patients with residual disability, the dosage was escalated during the first 10 weeks. From week 11 to month 23.5, investigators were permitted to add open-label levodopa to treat continuing or emerging disability. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Time to the first occurrence of any of 3 dopaminergic complications: wearing off, dyskinesias, or on-off motor fluctuations; changes in scores on the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), assessed at baseline and follow-up evaluations; and, in a subgroup of 82 subjects evaluated at baseline and 23.5 months, ratio of specific to nondisplaceable striatal iodine 123 2-beta-carboxymethoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane (beta-CIT) uptake on single photon emission computed tomography imaging of the dopamine transporter. RESULTS: Initial pramipexole treatment resulted in significantly less development of wearing off, dyskinesias, or on-off motor fluctuations (28%) compared with levodopa (51%) (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0. 30-0.66; P<.001). The mean improvement in total UPDRS score from baseline to 23.5 months was greater in the levodopa group than in the pramipexole group (9.2 vs 4.5 points; P<.001). Somnolence was more common in pramipexole-treated patients than in levodopa-treated patients (32.4% vs 17.3%; P =.003), and the difference was seen during the escalation phase of treatment. In the subgroup study, patients treated initially with pramipexole (n = 39) showed a mean (SD) decline of 20.0% (14.2%) in striatal beta-CIT uptake compared with a 24.8% (14.4%) decline in subjects treated initially with levodopa (n = 39; P =.15). CONCLUSIONS: Fewer patients receiving initial treatment for PD with pramipexole developed dopaminergic motor complications than with levodopa therapy. Despite supplementation with open-label levodopa in both groups, the levodopa-treated group had a greater improvement in total UPDRS compared with the pramipexole group.

 
   
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FASTING / LOW CALORIE PROGRAMS
on the Adriatic Coast
The Anti-Aging Fasting Program consists of a 7-28 days program (including 3 - 14 fasting days). 7-28-day low-calorie diet program is also available .
More information
    The anti-aging story (summary)
Introduction. Statistical review. Your personal aging curve
  Aging and Anti-aging. Why do we age?
    2.1  Aging forces (forces that cause aging
     
Internal (free radicals, glycosylation, chelation etc.) 
External (Unhealthy diet, lifestyle, wrong habits, environmental pollution, stress, poverty-change "poverty zones", or take it easy. etc.) 
    2.2 Anti-aging forces
     
Internal (apoptosis, boosting your immune system, DNA repair, longevity genes) 
External (wellness, changing your environment; achieving comfortable social atmosphere in your life, regular intake of anti-aging drugs, use of replacement organs, high-tech medicine, exercise)
    2.3 Aging versus anti-aging: how to tip the balance in your favour!
 
    3.1 Caloric restriction and fasting extend lifespan and decrease all-cause mortality (Evidence)
      Human studies
Monkey studies
Mouse and rat studies
Other animal studies
    3.2 Fasting and caloric restriction prevent and cure diseases (Evidence)
        Obesity
Diabetes
Hypertension and Stroke
Skin disorders
Mental disorders
Neurogical disorders
Asthmatic bronchitis, Bronchial asthma
Bones (osteoporosis) and fasting
Arteriosclerosis and Heart Disease
Cancer and caloric restriction
Cancer and fasting - a matter of controversy
Eye diseases
Chronic fatigue syndrome
Sleeping disorders
Allergies
Rheumatoid arthritis
Gastrointestinal diseases
Infertility
Presbyacusis
    3.3 Fasting and caloric restriction produce various
      biological effects. Effects on:
        Energy metabolism
Lipids metabolism
Protein metabolism and protein quality
Neuroendocrine and hormonal system
Immune system
Physiological functions
Reproductive function
Radio-sensitivity
Apoptosis
Cognitive and behavioral functions
Biomarkers of aging
    3.4 Mechanisms: how does calorie restriction retard aging and boost health?
        Diminishing of aging forces
  Lowering of the rate of gene damage
  Reduction of free-radical production
  Reduction of metabolic rate (i.e. rate of aging)
  Lowering of body temperature
  Lowering of protein glycation
Increase of anti-aging forces
  Enhancement of gene reparation
  Enhancement of free radical neutralisation
  Enhancement of protein turnover (protein regeneration)
  Enhancement of immune response
  Activation of mono-oxygenase systems
  Enhance elimination of damaged cells
  Optimisation of neuroendocrine functions
    3.5 Practical implementation: your anti-aging dieting
        Fasting period.
Re-feeding period.
Safety of fasting and low-calorie dieting. Precautions.
      3.6 What can help you make the transition to the low-calorie life style?
        Social, psychological and religious support - crucial factors for a successful transition.
Drugs to ease the transition to caloric restriction and to overcome food cravings (use of adaptogenic herbs)
Food composition
Finding the right physician
    3.7Fasting centers and fasting programs.
  Food to eat. Dishes and menus.
    What to eat on non-fasting days. Dishes and menus. Healthy nutrition. Relation between foodstuffs and diseases. Functional foods. Glycemic index. Diet plan: practical summary. "Dr. Atkins", "Hollywood" and other fad diets versus medical science
     

Vegetables
Fruits
Bread, cereals, pasta, fiber
Glycemic index
Fish
Meat and poultry
Sugar and sweet
Legumes
Fats and oils
Dairy and eggs
Mushrooms
Nuts and seeds
Alcohol
Coffee
Water
Food composition

  Anti-aging drugs and supplements
    5.1 Drugs that are highly recommended
      (for inclusion in your supplementation anti-aging program)
        Vitamin E
Vitamin C
Co-enzyme Q10
Lipoic acid
Folic acid
Selenium
Flavonoids, carotenes
DHEA
Vitamin B
Carnitin
SAM
Vinpocetine (Cavinton)
Deprenyl (Eldepryl)
    5.2 Drugs with controversial or unproven anti-aging effect, or awaiting other evaluation (side-effects)
        Phyto-medicines, Herbs
HGH
Gerovital
Melatonin
      5.3 Drugs for treatment and prevention of specific diseases of aging. High-tech modern pharmacology.
        Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Arthritis
Cancer
Depression
Diabetes
Hyperlipidemia
Hypertension
Immune decline
Infections, bacterial
Infections, fungal
Memory loss
Menopause
Muscle weakness
Osteoporosis
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Sexual disorders
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    5.4 The place of anti-aging drugs in the whole
      program - a realistic evaluation
 
    6.1 Early diagnosis of disease - key factor to successful treatment.
      Alzheimer's disease and Dementia
Arthritis
Cancer
Depression
Diabetes
Cataracts and Glaucoma
Genetic disorders
Heart attacks
Hyperlipidemia
Hypertension
Immune decline
Infectious diseases
Memory loss
Muscle weakness
Osteoporosis
Parkinson's disease
Prostate hyperplasia
Stroke risk
Weight gaining
    6.2 Biomarkers of aging and specific diseases
    6.3 Stem cell therapy and therapeutic cloning
    6.4 Gene manipulation
    6.5 Prosthetic body-parts, artificial organs
        Blood
Bones, limbs, joints etc.
Brain
Heart & heart devices
Kidney
Liver
Lung
Pancreas
Spleen
    6.6 Obesity reduction by ultrasonic treatment
  Physical activity and aging. Experimental and clinical data.
        Aerobic exercises
Stretching
Weight-lifting - body-building
Professional sport: negative aspects
 
  Conclusion: the whole anti-aging program
    9.1 Modifying your personal aging curve
      Average life span increment. Expert evaluation.
     
Periodic fasting and caloric restriction can add 40 - 50 years to your lifespan
Regular intake of anti-aging drugs can add 20-30 years to your lifespan
Good nutrition (well balanced, healthy food, individually tailord diet) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
High-tech bio-medicine service can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Quality of life (prosperity, relaxation, regular vocations) can add 15-25 years to your lifespan
Regular exercise and moderate physical activity can add 10-20 years to your lifespan
These approaches taken together can add 60-80 years to your lifespan, if you start young (say at age 20). But even if you only start later (say at 45-50), you can still gain 30-40 years


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    9.2 The whole anti-aging life style - brief summary 
    References eXTReMe Tracker
        The whole anti-aging program: overview
         
       

       
     
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